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 The article provides information about Abkhazia in Abkhazia. It is located on the eastern coast of the Black Sea, northwest of Georgia, and is bordered to the north by Russia.

The capital of Abkhazia is Sukhumi, and there are other important cities in the country such as Bitunda, Gari and Gagra.

Information about Abkhazia

History of the Abkhaz nation

The history of Abkhazia dates back to 4000 BC. The first village was established in the area, and the groups located there were called the "first Kartvelian languages".

From the 6th to the 9th centuries BC, Abkhazia was part of the ancient Georgian kingdom known as "Kolchis".

Abkhazia was part of the Russian Empire, later part of the Soviet Union, and part of Georgia after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

In 1991, the state of Abkhazia declared its independence.

In 2008, Russia recognized the independence of the Abkhaz state after the end of the Abkhaz war with the Georgians, and then other countries such as Syria, Cuba and Venezuela recognized it.

Countries recognizing Abkhazia

There are several countries that officially recognize the existence of the Abkhaz state, which are from the list below.

  • South Ossetia in 2006.
  • Transnistria in 2006.
  • Russia in 2008.
  • Nicaragua in 2008.
  • 2009 Venezuela.
  • Nauru in 2009.
  • Cuba in 2009.
  • Syria in 2010.

In 2020, the Syrian Arab Republic opened an embassy in Abkhazia under the direction of Bashar al-Assad's administration.

Travel to Abkhazia

How to travel to Abkhazia, questions the hearts of some who wish to travel or settle in this country.

One of the problems faced by those wishing to travel to Abkhazia is the lack of an airport in this country, but any country can apply for a transit visa through the Russian embassy.

When the traveler arrives at the Sochi airport, he can leave by road from there by bus to Abkhazia.

Only this method is available for faster travel and access to Abkhazia by entering Abkhazia after arriving in Russia.

Inhabitants of Abkhazia

The population of Abkhazia is estimated at about 215,000 people. This is an old statistic dating back to 2003, but according to the Georgia Bureau of Statistics, the population of Abkhazia is 179,000 in the same year.

The Encyclopedia Britannica estimated the population of Abkhazia in 2007 to be around 180,000.

The religion of the inhabitants of Abkhazia are mainly Orthodox Christians, they are Abkhazians, Georgians, Russians and Greeks.

There is also a proportion of Christian Armenian apostles and apostles from Armenia.

Abkhaz Muslims are few in number and are considered a minority among other religions, and most of them are Sunni Muslims and are from the Abkhaz.

While there is a Jewish minority in Abkhazia, most self-proclaimed Christian or Muslim Abkhazians do not participate in religious service.

A group of Jewish organizations called Jehovah's Witnesses are active and have been banned since 1995.

Abkhaz women are known as peacemakers, decision makers and mediators in times of fighting and war.

Today, Abkhaz girls are more active in business and activities, such as women's groups.

Sights of Abkhazia

Abkhazia has many attractions, including:

Lake Ritz: It is a mountain lake, considered one of the most important tourist attractions in the country, and was a paradise for senior Soviet officials.

This lake had a summer house, which Stalin constantly and frequently visited during his time.

The capital is Sukhumi

It has many tourist attractions and popular markets and faces the sea directly.

In addition to the handicrafts that attract the attention of tourists, you can see the stalls scattered on the city's promenade.

New Atos City

In the old city between Sukhumi and Gagra, you can visit the Anakopia Castle at the foot of the hill.

The castle is about 1000 years old and you can enjoy the beautiful scenery from there.


The golden reference for the topic:

Website ( wikiwic ) Website link ( -com-wikiwic ).

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